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Table 10 Changes in variables and contributions, post-2007

From: More alike than different: the Spanish and Irish labour markets before and after the crisis

   Actual values:    cont.:    Actual values:    cont.:
  2007 2009 Δ Δ u   2007 2009 Δ Δu
Spain:      Ireland:     
u 8.6 19.9 11.3 - u 4.7 12.5 7.8 -
Δk 6.2 5.0 -1.2 4.7 Δk 6.6 2.9 -3.7 13.4
Δpr 0.5 1.7 1.2 0.2 Δpr 2.3 0.5 -1.8 -0.4
b 11.6 14.6 3.0 1.0 b 10.3 15.3 5.0 0.9
z 73.1 74.5 1.4 0.5 Δpo 2.4 1.6 - 0.8 -1.1
d 00 1 0 - -0.1 d 96 1 0 - -2.6
c 60.3 58.7 -1.6 2.2 τ i 13.3 11.0 -2.3 -2.1
fd -10.4 -5.3 5.1 -1.6      
r 1.1 3.8 2.7 0.3      
    Joint contributions: 7.2     Joint contributions: 8.2
    Growth: 4.9     Growth: 13.0
    Welfare: 1.0     Welfare: 0.9
    Demographics: 0.4     Demographics: - 3.7
    Other: 0.9     Other: - 2.1
  1. *: For differences (Δk,Δpr,Δpo) , avg. growth in 2007-2009; : in percentage points; : Also, approximately the sum of all individual contributions.