Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Estimation results of welfare participation by Swedish-born, 1990-1999

From: Never give up? The persistence of welfare participation in Sweden

  Initial condition Participation equation
  PE SE PE SE ME11
Age/100 -0.599 0.391 -1.103* 0.211 -0.048
Educational level (CG: Primary school)      
Secondary school -0.383* 0.062 -0.262* 0.035 -0.012
Post Secondary school -0.867* 0.123 -0.741* 0.058 -0.032
City region 0.027 0.081 -0.056 0.043 -0.003
Married/Cohabitant -0.638* 0.069 -0.436* 0.031 -0.020
Children < 4 years 0.348* 0.072 0.128* 0.034 0.006
Unemployed 0.723* 0.077 0.401* 0.028 0.023
Municipal rate of SA-participation/10 0.961* 0.289 0.839* 0.109 0.033
Social assistance (SA) norm/10K 0.164 0.174 0.258* 0.047 0.012
Average municipal duration of SA /10 -0.268 0.218 -0.384* 0.086 -0.023
Structural state dependence (40 draws)    0.897* 0.072 0.041
Structural state dependence (100 draws)    0.872* 0.068  
Fixed time effects   YES    
   Alternative error schemes    
  General error structure First order Markov   Component of variance  
Log likelihood -6627.42 -6938.76   -6675.43  
LR-test   622.68*   95.96*  
  1. Note 1: n=82,050; the critical value at 45 degrees of freedom is 61.65.
  2. Note 2: PE = Parameter estimates; SE = Standard errors; ME = Marginal effects. * indicates significance at the 5% level. LR-test refers to a log likelihood ratio test comparing alternative specifications where the main specification works as base. Note 2 holds for all other tables in the paper that contain the explained notations.