Low-wage employees in Germany (2011). Source: Brenke and Müller (2013, Table 1). Calculations are based on GSOEP data. Notes: Reported numbers are percentages and exclude apprentices and persons in ALMP programs. The percentages refer to the total number of employed persons in the respective group. For example, 17 percent of all employed persons receive hourly wages below €8.50, and 26 percent below €10. Among full-time employees, these shares are 10 percent and 18 percent, respectively.