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Table 2 Ordered logit estimation of search intensity by gender

From: How do the unemployed search for a job? – Evidence from the EU Labour Force Survey

       Women        Men  
  Odds ratio z-value Odds ratio z-value
Age 15-24 Reference category Reference category
Age 25-54 0.8978 −2.50 0.9765 −0.71
Age 55-64 0.4327 −5.26 0.5535 −5.74
ISCED 0-2 Reference category Reference category
ISCED 3-4 1.4868 11.19 1.4629 13.82
ISCED 5-6 1.8837 6.51 1.9149 14.75
No employment in preceding 8 years 0.6298 −6.37 0.6147 −7.63
Unemployment duration < 6 months Reference category Reference category
Unemployment duration 6–11 months 1.1047 1.87 1.0866 1.39
Unemployment duration > 11 months 1.0259 0.51 0.9584 −0.52
Occupation of last job: Clerk Reference category Reference category
Occupation of last job: Armed forces 0.3845 −4.73 0.8420 −1.35
Occupation of last job: Legislator, senior official, manager 0.9289 −0.76 1.0578 0.85
Occupation of last job: Professional 0.7809 −3.31 0.9106 −0.76
Occupation of last job: Technician or associate professional 0.9455 −1.31 1.1496 2.04
Occupation of last job: Shop worker or shop and market sales worker 0.8388 −4.44 0.9348 −0.85
Occupation of last job: Skilled agricultural or fishery worker 0.8629 −1.84 0.8319 −2.79
Occupation of last job: Craft or related trades worker 0.6977 −8.15 0.8297 −5.31
Occupation of last job: Plant and machine operator or assembler 0.8474 −2.78 0.9104 −1.31
Occupation of last job: Elementary occupation 0.7150 −5.25 0.7720 −5.54
Occupation of last job: Missing 1.1600 1.25 1.1123 0.78
Sector of last job: Services Reference category Reference category
Sector of last job: Agriculture 0.6861 −11.81 0.7652 −2.31
Sector of last job: Industry 1.0471 1.36 1.0079 0.12
Sector of last job: Missing 0.9393 −0.65 0.7408 −4.52
Degree of urbanization: Intermediate Reference category Reference category
Degree of urbanization: Densely populated 1.0482 1.58 1.0005 0.02
Degree of urbanization: Thinly populated 0.9068 −1.62 0.9023 −1.14
Degree of urbanization: Missing 1.0229 0.48 0.9290 −1.55
Situation before seeking employment: Working Reference category Reference category
Situation before seeking employment: Full-time education 0.9282 −0.86 0.9446 −0.54
Situation before seeking employment: Conscript on compulsory or military or community service 1.4384 2.62 1.4119 3.43
Situation before seeking employment: Domestic/family responsibilities 0.7396 −4.86 0.8053 −5.55
Situation before seeking employment: Other 0.7095 −1.89 0.6827 −1.66
Situation before seeking employment: Missing 0.9582 −0.17 0.9017 −0.25
Number of adults (15–64 years) in household 0.9836 −1.63 1.0053 0.40
Number of children (<=4 years) in household 0.8867 −2.84 1.0197 0.75
Number of children (5–14 years) in household 0.9364 −3.53 0.9789 −1.05
Number of elderly (> = 65 years) in household 0.9465 −1.55 0.9472 −1.66
Employed spouse in household Reference category Reference category
No spouse in household 1.1855 3.50 0.9241 −1.68
Inactive/unemployed spouse in household 0.9179 −2.38 0.8023 −3.28
Pseudo R2 0.0483 0.0460
Observations 149,770 139,256
  1. Source: EU-LFS, years 2006–2008, own calculations. – Notes: The table displays exponentiated coefficients that can be interpreted as effect on the odds ratio. The regressions also include maximum sets of country dummies, NUTS 1 region dummies (deviations from country means), and year dummies. Regressions make use of sampling weights. z-values are based on robust standard errors, clustered at the country level. z-values greater than 1.96 (2.58) in absolute value denote statistical significance at the 5 (1) per cent level.