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Table 6 Probit estimation of specific search methods by gender

From: How do the unemployed search for a job? – Evidence from the EU Labour Force Survey

  Women Men
  Public employment office Friends Public employment office Friends
  Marg. Effect z-value Marg. Effect z-value Marg. Effect z-value Marg. Effect z-value
Age 15-24 Reference category Reference category Reference category Reference category
Age 25-54 0.0301 2.02 −0.0293 −2.29 0.0405 3.81 −0.0135 −1.63
Age 55-64 −0.0068 −0.28 −0.0831 −2.20 0.0098 0.40 −0.0653 −3.82
ISCED 0-2 Reference category Reference category Reference category Reference category
ISCED 3-4 0.0236 1.80 0.0232 1.14 0.0078 0.91 0.0263 1.47
ISCED 5-6 −0.0006 −0.03 0.0136 0.45 −0.0210 −1.62 0.0048 0.17
Unemployment duration <6 months Reference category Reference category Reference category Reference category
Unemployment duration 6–11 months 0.0265 1.55 0.0205 1.94 0.0277 1.22 −0.0022 −0.18
Unemployment duration > 11 months 0.0411 1.91 0.0084 0.60 0.0198 0.75 −0.0088 −0.92
No employment in preceding 8 years −0.0187 −1.01 0.0082 0.65 0.0136 0.87 −0.0121 −0.94
Occupation of last job: Clerk Reference category Reference category Reference category Reference category
Occupation of last job: Armed forces −0.0200 −0.19 −0.3184 −3.80 −0.0098 −0.12 0.0186 0.62
Occupation of last job: Legislator, senior official, manager −0.0592 −2.87 0.0527 3.70 −0.0889 −4.09 0.0684 2.81
Occupation of last job: Professional −0.0548 −2.38 0.0180 0.55 −0.0589 −1.63 0.0291 0.74
Occupation of last job: Technician or associate professional −0.0183 −2.45 0.0177 1.31 −0.0125 −0.54 0.0512 1.85
Occupation of last job: Shop worker or shop and market sales worker −0.0123 −0.78 0.0483 3.95 0.0080 0.66 0.0515 2.24
Occupation of last job: Skilled agricultural or fishery worker 0.0307 0.74 0.0490 2.74 0.0324 0.94 0.0121 0.65
Occupation of last job: Craft or related trades worker 0.0131 0.81 −0.0007 −0.05 0.0332 1.58 0.0427 4.96
Occupation of last job: Plant and machine operator or assembler 0.0122 0.80 0.0451 2.33 0.0414 2.42 0.0251 1.91
Occupation of last job: Elementary occupation 0.0061 0.31 0.0257 1.37 0.0391 2.86 0.0081 0.89
Occupation of last job: Missing 0.1333 5.11 0.0366 2.72 0.1223 8.64 0.0357 1.51
Sector of last job: Services Reference category Reference category Reference category Reference category
Sector of last job: Agriculture −0.0379 −0.93 −0.0005 −0.04 0.0026 0.21 0.0068 0.31
Sector of last job: Industry 0.0100 1.35 0.0081 1.37 0.0081 1.08 0.0134 1.06
Sector of last job: Missing −0.0511 −3.59 −0.0104 −0.69 −0.0607 −3.84 −0.0475 −2.26
Degree of urbanization: Intermediate Reference category Reference category Reference category Reference category
Degree of urbanization: Densely populated −0.0304 −2.37 −0.0162 −2.44 −0.0225 −2.18 −0.0264 −2.19
Degree of urbanization: Thinly populated 0.0310 1.42 0.0067 0.31 0.0191 1.21 0.0122 0.38
Degree of urbanization: Missing −0.0014 −0.07 0.0109 0.86 0.0315 2.25 −0.0101 −0.49
Situation before seeking employment: Working Reference category Reference category Reference category Reference category
Situation before seeking employment: Full-time education −0.1593 −4.21 −0.0488 −2.40 −0.1061 −4.39 −0.0170 −0.61
Situation before seeking employment: Conscript on compulsory or military or community service 0.1318 2.08 −0.2152 −1.04 0.0723 1.84 0.0468 0.99
Situation before seeking employment: Domestic/family responsibilities −0.1410 −3.66 −0.0058 −0.42 −0.1222 −2.94 0.0039 0.14
Situation before seeking employment: Other −0.1178 −4.01 −0.0705 −1.34 −0.0687 −3.00 −0.0844 −1.25
Situation before seeking employment: Missing 0.0149 0.64 −0.0900 −3.42 0.0651 1.54 −0.0789 −2.32
Number of adults (15–64 years) in household −0.0055 −0.61 0.0016 0.41 0.0025 0.57 −0.0017 −0.62
Number of children (<=4 years) in household 0.0037 0.39 −0.0290 −2.87 0.0118 1.23 0.0025 0.31
Number of children (5–14 years) in household −0.0086 −1.16 −0.0033 −1.27 0.0006 0.12 0.0048 1.33
Number of elderly (> = 65 years) in household 0.0065 0.63 −0.0181 −2.00 0.0051 0.73 −0.0272 −2.59
Employed spouse in household Reference category Reference category Reference category Reference category
No spouse in household 0.0715 2.37 0.0015 0.09 0.0228 0.82 −0.0191 −1.90
Inactive/unemployed spouse in household 0.0758 1.98 −0.0398 −1.95 0.0490 2.35 −0.0414 −2.25
Pseudo R2 0.2025 0.1324 0.2346 0.1309
Observations 149,770 149,770 139,256 139,256
  1. Source: EU-LFS, years 2006–2008, own calculations. – Notes: The table displays marginal effects obtained from probit regressions. The regressions also include maximum sets of country dummies, NUTS 1 region dummies (deviations from country means), and year dummies. Regressions make use of sampling weights. z-values are based on robust standard errors, clustered at the country level. z-values greater than 1.96 (2.58) in absolute value denote statistical significance at the 5 (1) per cent level.