Mobility index vs. structure indicators. Notes: Where available, the chart refers to pooled transition probabilities results for 23 EU countries. Spain (ES), Italy (IT), France (FR), The Netherlands (NL), Belgium (BE), Austria (AT), Cyprus (CY), Finland (FI), Greece (GR), Luxemburg (LU), Portugal (PT), Slovenia (SI); Czech Republic (CZ), Estonia (EE), Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT), Hungary (HU), Poland (PL), Romania (RO) and Slovakia (SK); Denmark (DK) and Sweden (SE). Changes for the variables on the x-axis are the difference between 2004–08 and 1998–2003 averages. The expenditure on direct-job creation and out-of work income maintenance and support are intended as a percentage of GDP. The results are not presented for the all 23 EU countries, depending on data coverage and availability. The figure fits a linear regression line. Estimated values of the regression are reported in the top right angle of each figure. Sources: OECD and LFS microdata, authors’ computations.