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Table 4 Female activity rate: trends and welfare regimes

From: Female labour market participation in Europe: novel evidence on trends and shaping factors

  All Liberal Continental Democratic Southern
  Coef.   St.Err. Coef.   St.Err. Coef.   St.Err. Coef.   St.Err. Coef.   St.Err.
Marital status                
Single                
Incouple -0.041   ** 0.021 -0.034   0.073 -0.06 * 0.035 0.023   0.031 -0.029   0.032
Separated 0.056   *** 0.007 0.022   0.017 0.055 *** 0.017 -0.003   0.023 0.088 *** 0.009
Divorced 0.049   *** 0.004 0.036 *** 0.013 0.033 *** 0.007 -0.012 * 0.007 0.111 *** 0.008
Widowed -0.067   *** 0.006 0.016   0.013 -0.094 *** 0.01 -0.021 * 0.012 -0.09 *** 0.007
Children                
No children                
Children -0.038   *** 0.003 -0.026 ** 0.012 -0.036 *** 0.005 -0.035 *** 0.006 -0.032 *** 0.004
Child 0.052   *** 0.016 0.047   0.067 0.133 *** 0.027 0.122 *** 0.026 0.002   0.022
child03 -0.16   *** 0.026 -0.272 *** 0.092 -0.263 *** 0.044 -0.354 *** 0.053 -0.064 * 0.034
child36 -0.133   *** 0.024 -0.209 ** 0.09 -0.201 *** 0.042 0.027   0.037 -0.11 *** 0.031
child614 -0.046   *** 0.018 -0.118 * 0.069 -0.047   0.032 0.003   0.033 -0.069 *** 0.023
trend*child -0.001   0.001 0.001   0.005 -0.006 *** 0.002 -0.004 * 0.002 0.002   0.002
trend*child03 -0.001   0.002 0.001   0.007 0.003   0.003 0.011 *** 0.003 0   0.003
trend*child36 0.004   * 0.002 0.003   0.007 0.009 *** 0.003 -0.002   0.003 0.005 * 0.002
trend*child614 -0.002   0.001 0   0.005 -0.001   0.003 0.002   0.003 0.001   0.002
Co-habiting Elderly                
No elderly                
old7080 0.063   ** 0.032 -0.174   0.179 0.051   0.078 -0.151   0.11 0.059 * 0.035
old80 -0.082   * 0.043 -0.025   0.248 -0.166   0.119 -0.007   0.155 -0.064   0.046
trend*old7080 -0.01   *** 0.003 0   0.013 -0.014 ** 0.007 0   0.007 -0.007 ** 0.003
trend*old80 0.004   0.003 -0.004   0.019 0.01   0.009 -0.007   0.012 0.004   0.004
Education                
Low skilled                
ISCED35 0.086   *** 0.016 0.128 * 0.067 0.016   0.031 0.082 *** 0.031 0.112 *** 0.021
ISCED67 0.152   *** 0.019 0.106   0.074 0.045   0.036 0.108 *** 0.033 0.252 *** 0.025
trend*ISCED35 0.003   ** 0.001 0.004   0.006 0.006 *** 0.002 0.001   0.003 0.001   0.002
trend*ISCED67 0.005   *** 0.002 0.01 * 0.006 0.011 *** 0.003 0.003   0.003 0   0.002
pISCED02 -0.056   ** 0.025 -0.009   0.099 0.019   0.045 0   0.044 -0.073 ** 0.033
pISCED35 -0.058   ** 0.024 0.065   0.076 0.001   0.039 -0.015   0.039 -0.106 *** 0.035
pISCED67 -0.064   *** 0.026 0.028   0.08 -0.059   0.042 -0.026   0.043 -0.018   0.039
trend*pISCED02 0.003   * 0.002 0.003   0.008 -0.001   0.004 0.004   0.004 0.003   0.003
trend*pISCED35 0.008   *** 0.002 0.001   0.006 0.003   0.003 0.007 ** 0.003 0.01 *** 0.003
trend*pISCED67 0.006   *** 0.002 0.001   0.006 0.006 ** 0.003 0.007 ** 0.003 0.002   0.003
Age                
25-34                
35-44 -0.042   ** 0.021 0.101   0.077 -0.107 *** 0.039 0.093 *** 0.035 -0.039   0.027
45-54 -0.157   *** 0.023 -0.119   0.091 -0.239 *** 0.037 0.107 *** 0.038 -0.139 *** 0.029
55-64 -0.455   *** 0.02 -0.281 *** 0.094 -0.585 *** 0.025 0.005   0.04 -0.387 *** 0.029
trend*(35-44) 0.008   *** 0.002 -0.005   0.006 0.014 *** 0.003 -0.002   0.003 0.006 *** 0.002
trend*(45-54) 0.012   *** 0.002 0.005   0.007 0.021 *** 0.003 -0.002   0.003 0.008 *** 0.002
trend*(55-64) 0.013   *** 0.002 0.000   0.007 0.027 *** 0.003 -0.006 * 0.003 0.005 ** 0.002
Macro                
Trend 0.000   0.002 0.000   0.008 -0.003   0.004 0.002   0.004 0.002   0.002
Cycle 0.003   *** 0.001 0.000   0.002 0.007 *** 0.001 0.000   0.001 -0.001   0.001
Observations 818168    50464    328750    129536    309418   
Log likelihood -432641.4    -26576.7    -165905.6    -60043.2    -169651   
Pseudo - R2 0.148    0.123    0.143    0.086    0.175   
Country dummies yes    -    yes    yes    yes   
  1. Note: *significant at 10%; **significant at 5%; ***significant at 1%. Marginal effects at the mean and clustered St.Err are reported.