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Table 1 Youth (un)employment rate vs. rate of elderly (un)employed workers in 2008 and 2012

From: How to combine the entry of young people in the labour market with the retention of older workers?

  Youth unemployment rates (%) Youth employment rates (%) Elderly unemployment rates (%) Elderly employment rates (%)
GEO/TIME 2008 2012 Difference 2008 2012 Difference 2008 2012 Difference 2008 2012 Difference
European Union (EU-27) 15.6 22.8 7.2 37.4 32.9 −4.5 5.1 7.3 2.2 45.6 48.9 3.3
Belgium 18.0 19.8 1.8 27.4 25.3 −2.1 4.4 4.5 0.1 34.5 39.5 5.0
Bulgaria 12.7 28.1 15.4 26.3 21.9 −4.4 5.5 10.4 4.9 46.0 45.7 −0.3
Czech Republic 9.9 19.5 9.6 28.1 25.2 −2.9 3.9 5.8 1.9 47.6 49.3 1.7
Denmark 8.0 14.1 6.1 66.4 55.0 −11.4 2.6 5.5 2.9 58.4 60.8 2.4
Germany 10.6 8.1 −2.5 46.6 46.6 0.0 8.5 5.9 −2.6 53.7 61.5 7.8
Estonia 12.0 20.9 8.9 36.4 33.0 −3.4 4.1 7.0 2.9 62.4 60.6 −1.8
Ireland 12.7 30.4 17.7 45.9 28.2 −17.7 3.3 10.5 7.2 53.7 49.3 −4.4
Greece 22.1 55.3 33.2 23.5 13.1 −10.4 3.2 13.6 10.4 42.8 36.4 −6.4
Spain 24.6 53.2 28.6 36.0 18.2 −17.8 7.3 17.9 10.6 45.6 43.9 −1.7
France 18.6 23.8 5.2 31.3 28.8 −2.5 4.6 7.1 2.5 38.2 44.5 6.3
Italy 21.3 35.3 14.0 24.4 18.6 −5.8 3.1 5.3 2.2 34.4 40.4 6.0
Cyprus 9.0 27.8 18.8 38.0 28.1 −9.9 3.2 9.7 6.5 54.8 50.7 −4.1
Latvia 13.1 28.5 15.4 37.2 28.7 −8.5 6.2 14.7 8.5 59.4 52.8 −6.6
Lithuania 13.4 26.7 13.3 26.7 21.5 −5.2 4.4 11.9 7.5 53.1 51.7 −1.4
Luxembourg 17.9 18.8 0.9 23.8 21.7 −2.1 : 2.1 : 34.1 41.0 6.9
Hungary 19.9 28.1 8.2 20.0 18.6 −1.4 5.0 7.9 2.9 31.4 36.9 5.5
Malta 12.2 14.2 2.0 45.8 43.8 −2.0 4.0 3.7 −0.3 29.3 33.6 4.3
Netherlands 5.3 9.5 4.2 69.3 63.3 −6.0 3.2 4.7 1.5 53.0 58.6 5.6
Austria 8.0 8.7 0.7 55.9 54.6 −1.3 2.1 3.0 0.9 41.0 43.1 2.1
Poland 17.3 26.5 9.2 27.3 24.7 −2.6 5.3 7.4 2.1 31.6 38.7 7.1
Portugal 16.4 37.7 21.3 34.7 23.6 −11.1 6.6 12.8 6.2 50.8 46.5 −4.3
Romania 18.6 22.7 4.1 24.8 23.9 −0.9 2.5 3.4 0.9 43.1 41.4 −1.7
Slovenia 10.4 20.6 10.2 38.4 27.3 −11.1 4.0 6.2 2.2 32.8 32.9 0.1
Slovakia 19.0 34.0 15.0 26.2 20.1 −6.1 6.4 11.2 4.8 39.2 43.1 3.9
Finland 16.5 19.0 2.5 44.7 41.8 −2.9 5.4 6.6 1.2 56.5 58.2 1.7
Sweden 20.2 23.6 3.4 42.2 40.2 −2.0 3.8 5.2 1.4 70.1 73.0 2.9
United Kingdom 15.0 21.0 6.0 52.4 46.9 −5.5 3.1 4.9 1.8 58.0 58.1 0.1
  1. Source: Eurostat, lfsa_urgan & lfsa_ergan - Last updated November 18, 2013.
  2. Notation: Not available.
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