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Table 6 Macedonia: Wage equation for pooled sample with intercept and slope dummies for women a

From: Occupational segregation and gender differentials in earnings in Macedonia

     Women interaction dummies
  Coefficient Standard errorb   Coefficient Standard errorb
Constant 3.3824 0.1216***   -0.6705 0.1196***
Education dummiesc      
 Primary 0.0809 0.0394**   0.2024 0.0775***
 Secondary, 3 years 0.1408 0.0454***   0.2796 0.0845***
 Secondary, 4 years 0.2445 0.0462***   0.2352 0.0826***
 Non-university post-secondary 0.4375 0.0583***   0.0975 0.0954
University and above 0.6477 0.0616***   0.1989 0.0974**
Years of potential experience 0.0123 0.0053**   0.0022 0.0049
Experience-squared -0.0002 0.0001**   -0.0001 0.0001
Unmarried person dummy -0.0994 0.0263***   0.1231 0.0428***
Enterprise dummiesd      
 Public sector -0.1844 0.0266***   0.0760 0.0393*
 Private, with <10 employees -0.2751 0.0338***   0.0543 0.0526
 Private, with 10–25 employees -0.0313 0.0423   -0.0254 0.0681
Pension fund registration dummy 0.1172 0.0240***   0.0335 0.0375
Industry dummiese      
 Manufacturing 0.0954 0.0315***   0.0614 0.0656
 Electricity, gas, water supply 0.4430 0.0420***   -0.1224 0.0958
 Construction 0.1463 0.0368***   -0.0747 0.0928
 Wholesale and retail trade 0.1185 0.0403***   0.1432 0.0758*
 Hotels and restaurants 0.1152 0.0575**   0.3167 0.0970***
 Transport and communications 0.1716 0.0396***   0.2101 0.0912**
 Financial intermediation 0.6345 0.0842***   -0.0023 0.1150
 Real estate and business services 0.0771 0.0540   0.2313 0.1025**
 Public administration 0.2801 0.0425***   -0.0613 0.0798
 Education 0.0927 0.0478*   0.0857 0.0810
 Health and social work 0.1867 0.0506***   0.0355 0.0808
 Other services 0.2361 0.0412***   0.0747 0.0806
Occupation dummiesf      
 Managers and senior officials 0.2866 0.0490***   -0.0633 0.0947
 Professionals 0.1892 0.0446***   0.1051 0.0697
 Technicians and associate professionals 0.1716 0.0376***   0.1094 0.0618*
 Clerks 0.1043 0.0391***   0.0968 0.0623
 Service and sales workers 0.0629 0.0345*   -0.0430 0.0566
 Craft and related trade workers 0.0971 0.0326***   -0.0866 0.0582
 Plant and machine operators and assemblers 0.0628 0.0336*   -0.0784 0.0672
Occupation feminization dummiesg      
 Feminization 21-40 percent -0.0580 0.0234**   0.0003 0.0568
 Feminization 41-60 percent -0.0572 0.0256**   -0.0060 0.0558
 Feminization 61-80 percent -0.1826 0.0402***   0.0740 0.0659
 Feminization >80 percent -0.2275 0.0455***   0.1269 0.0675*
Ethnic affiliation dummiesh      
 Ethnic Albanians -0.0586 0.0364   -0.0564 0.0662
 Other minorities -0.0402 0.0338   0.0141 0.0561
Region dummiesi      
 West Macedonia -0.1020 0.0232***   0.0240 0.0374
 East Macedonia -0.2383 0.0206***   0.0673 0.0321**
 Central Macedonia -0.1413 0.0219***   0.0255 0.0332
Urban area dummy 0.0273 0.0193   0.0617 0.0309**
Selection term (LAMBDA) 0.1341 0.0457***    
R-squared    0.3673   
Adjusted R-squared    0.3574   
F-ratio    36.99   
(N)    5,436   
  1. aThe dependent variable is logarithm of hourly earnings. Wage equation corrected for sample selection.
  2. bStandard error corrected for heteroscedasticity induced by the selection.
  3. cThe omitted category is below primary education.
  4. dThe omitted category is private enterprises with more than 25 workers.
  5. eThe omitted category is agriculture.
  6. fThe omitted category is elementary (unskilled) occupations.
  7. gThe omitted category is feminization of 20 percent or less.
  8. hThe omitted category is ethnic Macedonian.
  9. iThe omitted category is Skopje region.
  10. ***significant at the 1 percent level; **significant at the 5 percent level; *significant at the 10 percent level.