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Table 9 Macedonia: Actual and predicted occupational distribution according to sex (based on coefficients for men) and wage gap due to differences in occupational distribution

From: Occupational segregation and gender differentials in earnings in Macedonia

  Observed occupational Predicted occupational Observed difference Explained difference Unexplained difference
  distribution distribution    
  Men Women Men Women    
  M a W a M p W p M a –W a M a –W p W p –W a
Occupation (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) = (1) – (2) (6) = (1) – (4) (7) = (4) – (2)
Managers and senior officials 0.0390 0.0192 0.0390 0.0462 0.0198 -0.0072 0.0269
Professionals 0.0929 0.1685 0.0929 0.1128 -0.0756 -0.0199 -0.0557
Technicians and associate professionals 0.0953 0.1319 0.0953 0.1086 -0.0366 -0.0133 -0.0232
Clerks 0.0817 0.1502 0.0817 0.0974 -0.0685 -0.0157 -0.0527
Service and sales workers 0.1628 0.1755 0.1628 0.1528 -0.0127 0.0100 -0.0227
Craft and related trade workers 0.2448 0.2098 0.2448 0.2206 0.0350 0.0242 0.0108
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 0.1809 0.0399 0.1809 0.1767 0.1411 0.0042 0.1368
Elementary (unskilled) occupations 0.1026 0.1051 0.1026 0.0849 -0.0025 0.0177 -0.0203
    Observed wage gap Wage gap due to differences in occupational distribution   
  Ln (hourly earnings)      
  Men Women   Explained Unexplained   
  Ln Y m Ln Y w Ln Y m – Ln Y w (M a – W p ) x Ln Y m (W p – W a ) x Ln Y m   
  (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)   
Managers and senior officials 4.2994 4.0965 0.2029 -0.0308 0.1158   
Professionals 4.2382 4.1526 0.0856 -0.0844 -0.2359   
Technicians and associate professionals 4.0715 3.9846 0.0869 -0.0542 -0.0946   
Clerks 3.9127 3.9334 -0.0206 -0.0616 -0.2063   
Service and sales workers 3.8152 3.6057 0.2095 0.0380 -0.0865   
Craft and related trade workers 3.7926 3.4933 0.2993 0.0919 0.0410   
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 3.8152 3.5106 0.3046 0.0161 0.5221   
Elementary (unskilled) occupations 3.5462 3.3817 0.1645 0.0628 -0.0718   
All 8.9923 8.8567 0.1356 -0.0221 -0.0164