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Table 11 Probability of being employed, working age population (15–64), 2011

From: Does Italy represent an opportunity for temporary migrants from the eastern partnership countries?

  Total (a) Women (b)
  vs. Italians vs. total immigrants vs. Poland, Romania vs. Italians vs. total immigrants vs. Poland, Romania
Ukraine 0.52*** 0.54*** 0.20* 0.49*** 0.54*** 0.22*
  (0.10) (0.10) (0.10) (0.11) (0.11) (0.12)
Moldova 0.26** 0.44*** 0.06 0.36** 0.60*** 0.20
  (0.13) (0.11) (0.12) (0.15) (0.14) (0.14)
Poland 0.25** 0.25**   0.21 0.33**  
  (0.12) (0.12)   (0.14) (0.14)  
Romania 0.18*** 0.32***   0.08 0.37***  
  (0.05) (0.05)   (0.06) (0.07)  
Female -0.71*** -0.87*** -0.69***    
  (0.01) (0.04) (0.07)    
Other control variables       
25-35 1.24*** 1.15*** 1.13*** 1.18*** 0.94*** 0.96***
  (0.02) (0.07) (0.12) (0.03) (0.10) (0.16)
35-44 1.62*** 1.27*** 1.27*** 1.54*** 1.06*** 1.02***
  (0.02) (0.07) (0.12) (0.03) (0.10) (0.16)
45-54 1.60*** 1.31*** 1.32*** 1.51*** 1.24*** 1.32***
  (0.02) (0.08) (0.13) (0.03) (0.10) (0.16)
55-64 0.65*** 0.83*** 0.97*** 0.76*** 0.87*** 1.00***
  (0.02) (0.10) (0.17) (0.03) (0.13) (0.20)
Married 0.08*** -0.46*** -0.43*** -0.23*** -0.78*** -0.57***
  (0.01) (0.04) (0.08) (0.02) (0.06) (0.09)
North-east 0.08*** -0.06 -0.02 0.09*** -0.10 -0.08
  (0.02) (0.05) (0.09) (0.02) (0.07) (0.11)
Centre -0.11*** -0.01 -0.00 -0.13*** -0.15** -0.10
  (0.02) (0.05) (0.09) (0.02) (0.07) (0.11)
South -0.55*** -0.21*** -0.36*** -0.66*** -0.29*** -0.41***
  (0.02) (0.06) (0.11) (0.02) (0.09) (0.13)
Islands -0.49*** -0.00 -0.24 -0.60*** -0.17 -0.55***
  (0.02) (0.09) (0.16) (0.03) (0.14) (0.21)
Lower sec. 0.44*** 0.10 0.13 0.50*** 0.12 0.11
  (0.02) (0.06) (0.13) (0.03) (0.09) (0.16)
Upper sec. 0.95*** 0.30*** 0.35*** 1.11*** 0.38*** 0.31**
  (0.02) (0.06) (0.12) (0.03) (0.09) (0.15)
Tertiary 1.23*** 0.40*** 0.50*** 1.44*** 0.47*** 0.45**
  (0.03) (0.08) (0.16) (0.04) (0.11) (0.19)
Years since migration   0.06*** 0.03   0.07*** 0.04
   (0.01) (0.03)   (0.01) (0.03)
Years since migration sq.   -0.00*** -0.00   -0.00*** -0.00
   (0.00) (0.00)   (0.00) (0.00)
Constant -1.10*** -0.60*** -0.21 -1.68*** -1.22*** -0.66***
  (0.03) (0.10) (0.19) (0.04) (0.14) (0.23)
Observations 94,139 8,185 2,724 48,439 4,435 1,689
  1. Standard errors in parenthesis. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1. t13:48.
  2. Reference group is: 15–24 years old, non-married, North-west, Primary education and below.