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Table 3 Employment status, working age population (15–64), 2008 and 2011

From: Does Italy represent an opportunity for temporary migrants from the eastern partnership countries?

  2008 2011
F M Tot F M Tot
Italians Labour force 51.5 74.2 62.9 50.6 71.9 61.2
Employment rate 47.2 70.2 59.0 46.3 66.9 56.6
Unemployment rate 8.4 5.4 6.7 8.4 6.9 7.5
Observations 51,998 50,355 102,353 46,741 44,660 91,401
Total immigrants Labour force 59.7 85.6 72.3 59.3 84.7 71.4
Employment rate 52.1 80.4 65.9 50.9 77.5 63.5
Unemployment rate 12.7 6.0 8.9 14.2 8.5 11.0
Observations 2,272 1,981 4,253 4,488 3,821 8,309
Ukraine Labour force 76.6 78.9 77.0 82.1 78.6 81.4
Employment rate 70.4 77.6 71.7 77.0 73.7 76.3
Unemployment rate 8.1 1.7 6.9 6.3 6.3 6.3
Observations 136 30 166 327 83 410
Moldova Labour force 77.4 87.4 79.9 77.6 84.0 79.8
Employment rate 67.7 87.4 72.8 70.9 72.2 71.4
Unemployment rate 12.4 0.0 8.9 8.6 14.1 10.6
Observations 72 24 96 174 91 265
Poland Labour force 58.8 91.1 65.3 71.0 89.4 76.9
Employment rate 54.8 87.3 61.4 66.2 78.4 70.1
Unemployment rate 6.7 4.2 6.0 6.8 12.2 8.9
Observations 100 24 124 175 80 255
Romania Labour force 65.0 84.7 74.6 68.8 88.2 77.7
Employment rate 57.6 79.9 68.5 59.1 81.3 69.3
Unemployment rate 11.3 5.7 8.2 14.2 7.8 10.8
Observations 364 305 669 1,022 786 1,808
  1. Source: Own elaborations based on Istat LFS 2011 - 2nd quarter and on Istat LFS 2008 - 2nd quarter.