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Table 5 Skill mismatch by gender, working age population (15–64), 2011

From: Does Italy represent an opportunity for temporary migrants from the eastern partnership countries?

  Professions Education Education
Primary - below Lower sec. Upper sec. Tertiary Tot. Primary - below Lower sec. Upper sec. Tertiary Tot.
Male Female
Moldova Unskilled 0.00 0.07 0.06 0.02 0.14 0.00 0.20 0.22 0.14 0.56
Low skilled 0.00 0.19 0.43 0.18 0.80 0.04 0.14 0.22 0.05 0.44
Skilled 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Highly skill 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 0.00 0.26 0.52 0.23 1.00 0.04 0.34 0.44 0.19 1.00
Ukraine Unskilled 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.00 0.21 0.01 0.07 0.18 0.13 0.40
Low skilled 0.02 0.21 0.45 0.08 0.77 0.03 0.13 0.27 0.14 0.57
Skilled 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01
Highly skill 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02
Total 0.06 0.26 0.59 0.09 1.00 0.04 0.21 0.45 0.30 1.00
Total immigrants Unskilled 0.05 0.10 0.09 0.01 0.24 0.04 0.14 0.21 0.04 0.43
Low skilled 0.07 0.27 0.33 0.03 0.71 0.04 0.14 0.25 0.05 0.48
Skilled 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.03 0.05
Highly skill 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03
Total 0.12 0.37 0.43 0.08 1.00 0.08 0.28 0.49 0.15 1.00
  1. Source: Own elaborations based on Istat LFS, 2011, 2nd quarter.
  2. Notes: n° of observations: Moldova 62 men, 121 women; Ukraine 60 men, 248 women; total immigrants 2,882 men, 2,183 women.