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Table 1 Effect of father not working rather than working in lower paid occupation

From: The effects of father’s worklessness on young adults in the UK

Outcome Average observed (Std. Error) Average counterfactual (Std. Error) Difference (Std. Error)
Working 0.55 (0.02) 0.69 (0.01) −0.14 (0.02)***
Work part-time 0.37 (0.03) 0.27 (0.01) 0.10 (0.03)***
Hours/week 29.55 (0.73) 32.79 (0.24) −3.23 (0.68)***
Low job satisfaction 0.18 (0.03) 0.12 (0.01) 0.06 (0.03)**
Fixed-term contract 0.13 (0.02) 0.10 (0.01) 0.03 (0.02)
Low hourly wage given occupation 0.56 (.04) 0.59 (0.01) −0.03 (0.04)
Low hourly wage given education 0.62 (0.04) 0.60 (0.01) 0.02 (0.04)
Logarithm of gross monthly labour market income 6.79 (0.05) 6.85 (0.04) −0.05 (0.04)
Gross monthly labour market income (calculated) £891.6 £941.1 £49.5
  1. **: p < 0.05; ***: p < 0.01, working or not is estimated on 472 treated respondents and 856 controls, while job characteristics are estimated for 259 young adults whose father did not work with 622 young adults whose fathers worked in a lower paying occupation.