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Table 9 Wage equation estimates by occupation, women, 1960-2000

From: Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?

  1960-89   1994   1996   1998   2000  
Male-dominated           
Intercept 5.783 *** 3.685 *** 3.925 *** 4.541 *** 5.102 ***
Age 0.034   0.114   0.593 *** 0.480 *** 0.419 *
Age2/10 −0.009   −0.013   −0.080 *** −0.054 ** −0.044  
Medium education −0.144   −0.068   −0.114 ** −0.133 ** −0.093  
Higher education 0.318 *** 0.522 *** 0.527 *** 0.511 *** 0.762 ***
Married 0.049   0.015   −0.014   −0.027   −0.131 **
Urban 0.095 ** 0.069 ** 0.155 *** 0.048   0.036  
Agriculture 0.265 *** −0.049   −0.024   −0.112   −0.142  
Industry −0.032   0.085   0.146 *** 0.070   0.219 ***
State ownership −0.032   0.046   0.064 * −0.007   −0.029  
Long-term contract −0.001   0.275 *** 0.038   0.175   0.447 ***
Multi-generation household 0.040   −0.107 ** −0.121 ** −0.121 ** −0.198 ***
Household members    0.008   −0.017   −0.003   0.006  
Integrated           
Intercept 5.213 *** 3.946 *** 4.451 *** 5.118 *** 6.134 ***
Age 0.090   0.189 *** 0.255 *** 0.268 *** 0.179 ***
Age2/10 −0.022 * −0.019 *** −0.026 *** −0.024 *** −0.012 *
Medium education 0.001   0.024 * 0.029 ** 0.045 *** 0.021  
Higher education 0.363 *** 0.479 *** 0.522 *** 0.522 *** 0.532 ***
Married 0.019   0.001   0.010   0.007   −0.007  
Urban 0.267 *** 0.107 *** 0.130 *** 0.117 *** 0.095 ***
Agriculture −0.056   0.103 ** 0.088 ** 0.078 ** 0.106 **
Industry −0.116 * 0.067   0.036   0.100 *** 0.084 *
State ownership    0.000   0.043   −0.057 * −0.024  
Long-term contract    0.064 ** 0.221 *** 0.169 *** 0.164 ***
Multi-generation household           
Household members −0.005   −0.015 *** −0.018 *** −0.016 *** −0.032 ***
Female-dominated           
Intercept 6.911 *** 4.947 *** 5.359 *** 6.038 *** 6.577 ***
Age 0.211   0.151   0.285 *** 0.285 ** 0.300 **
Age2/10 −0.026   −0.016   −0.030 ** −0.029 * −0.029 *
Medium education −0.216 *** −0.135 *** −0.145 *** −0.070 * −0.020  
Higher education 0.319 *** 0.207 *** 0.278 *** 0.212 *** 0.255 ***
Married −0.069   −0.033   −0.069 ** −0.038   0.000  
Urban 0.054   0.119 *** 0.114 *** 0.062 ** 0.076 **
Agriculture 0.121 ** 0.191 *** 0.262 *** 0.055   0.020  
Industry 0.113 *** 0.246 *** 0.198 *** 0.127 *** 0.119 ***
State ownership 0.001   0.005   −0.052 ** −0.008   −0.008  
Long-term contract 0.025   0.082   0.092   −0.013   0.234 **
Multi-generation household 0.081   −0.089 ** −0.124 *** −0.074 * −0.044  
Household members    0.013   0.003   −0.024 ** −0.015  
  1. Note: we also control for region (5 dummies), ownership (3 dummies), and “time” (5 dummies controlling for the five-year periods for the communist period, and 11 monthly dummies for the transition years). This note holds also for the next table.