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Table 5 Fixed effects estimates for preferences for redistribution

From: Preferences for redistribution in Europe

Variables (1) (2) (3) (4)
gini net 0.0097***    
  (0.0036)    
gini market   0.0060**   
   (0.0023)   
top 1% income share    0.0082**  
    (0.0037)  
social protection expenditures     −0.0111**
     (0.0047)
log GDP pc 0.1328 0.1365 0.0979  
  (0.0892) (0.0899) (0.0952)  
left-right political scale −0.0849*** −0.0818*** −0.0802*** −0.0796***
  (0.0131) (0.0129) (0.0128) (0.0150)
living with partner 0.0815* 0.0766* 0.0755* 0.0666
  (0.0430) (0.0425) (0.0429) (0.0456)
age −0.0325*** −0.0301** −0.0262** −0.0266**
  (0.0123) (0.0121) (0.0121) (0.0123)
education: isced 2 0.0311 0.0166 0.0154 0.0581
  (0.0905) (0.0897) (0.0904) (0.0962)
education: isced 3 −0.0184 −0.0216 −0.0083 0.0119
  (0.0865) (0.0860) (0.0865) (0.0861)
education: isced 4 0.4296*** 0.3687*** 0.3832*** 0.4711***
  (0.1313) (0.1350) (0.1322) (0.1325)
education: isced 5 −0.1646* −0.1643* −0.1591* −0.2009**
  (0.0865) (0.0866) (0.0871) (0.0891)
education: isced 6 0.4762 0.4484 0.5150 0.5370
  (0.4879) (0.4876) (0.4893) (0.5023)
income nowadays: living comfortably −0.2756** −0.2668** −0.2710** −0.3555***
  (0.1169) (0.1185) (0.1180) (0.1253)
income nowadays: coping on −0.0707 −0.0817 −0.0736 −0.1187
  (0.1169) (0.1196) (0.1187) (0.1281)
income nowadays: difficult on −0.0138 −0.0183 −0.0317 −0.1166
  (0.1300) (0.1321) (0.1326) (0.1461)
ethnic −0.0471 −0.0359 −0.0256 −0.0507
  (0.1045) (0.1046) (0.1047) (0.1275)
religious 0.0251** 0.0279** 0.0260** 0.0165
  (0.0109) (0.0110) (0.0109) (0.0111)
retired 0.0711 0.0698 0.0658 0.0464
  (0.0480) (0.0472) (0.0480) (0.0509)
unemployed −0.0586 −0.0842 −0.0832 0.0458
  (0.1072) (0.1090) (0.1095) (0.1159)
constant 4.0381*** 3.9139*** 4.3020*** 5.6258***
  (1.0176) (1.0120) (1.0485) (0.5989)
Pseudo panels 2657 2657 2657 2348
Adjusted R 2 0.180 0.180 0.179 0.161
  1. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1. Standard errors (in parenthesis) are robust and clustered by country and cohort. Each regression includes year dummies. The reference variable for income and education is “income nowadays: very difficult on” and “isced 1”.