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Table 7 FE estimators with different sizes and numbers of synthetic individuals

From: Preferences for redistribution in Europe

Variable Baseline: Cohort size ≥30 Cohort size ≥50 No minimum cohort size Cohort size ≥30 Cohort size ≥30
& 10 birth year cohorts & 10 birth year cohorts & 10 birth year cohorts & 7 birth year cohorts & 14 birth year cohorts
coeff std error adj R 2 n coeff std error adj R 2 n coeff std error adj R 2 n coeff std error adj R 2 n coeff std error adj R 2 n
lagged one year:                     
gini net 0.0097*** (0.0036) 0.180 2657 0.0140*** (0.0041) 0.216 2211 0.0083** (0.0036) 0.141 3037 0.0090** (0.0037) 0.208 1963 0.0117*** (0.0037) 0.180 3372
gini market 0.0060** (0.0023) 0.180 2657 0.0065*** (0.0025) 0.213 2211 0.0074*** (0.0022) 0.144 3037 0.0071*** (0.0025) 0.211 1963 0.0066*** (0.0023) 0.180 3372
top 1% income share 0.0082** (0.0037) 0.179 2657 0.0097** (0.0041) 0.213 2211 0.0037 (0.0044) 0.139 3037 0.0065* (0.0039) 0.206 1963 0.0083** (0.0036) 0.178 3372
social protection expend, % GDP −0.0111** (0.0047) 0.161 2348 −0.0148*** (0.0049) 0.204 1957 −0.0082* (0.0045) 0.135 2677 −0.0103* (0.0054) 0.187 1736 −0.0111** (0.0044) 0.165 2979
lagged two years:                     
gini net 0.0071** (0.0033) 0.183 2657 0.0108*** (0.0036) 0.218 2211 0.0052 (0.0032) 0.143 3037 0.0058* (0.0033) 0.209 1963 0.0078** (0.0033) 0.182 3372
gini market 0.0033* (0.0018) 0.182 2657 0.0035* (0.0019) 0.215 2211 0.0035** (0.0017) 0.143 3037 0.0036* (0.0019) 0.210 1963 0.0032* (0.0018) 0.181 3372
top 1% income share 0.0196*** (0.0052) 0.191 2657 0.0207*** (0.0056) 0.225 2211 0.0124** (0.0061) 0.145 3037 0.0172*** (0.0058) 0.216 1963 0.0192*** (0.0049) 0.188 3372
social protection expend, % GDP −0.0049 (0.0045) 0.157 2329 −0.0074 (0.0047) 0.197 1942 −0.0021 (0.0046) 0.135 2657 −0.0037 (0.0050) 0.183 1722 −0.0044 (0.0041) 0.161 2954
1 year lag x 2 year lag:                     
gini net 0.0088** (0.0035) 0.181 2657 0.0131*** (0.0040) 0.217 2211 0.0070** (0.0035) 0.142 3037 0.0077** (0.0035) 0.208 1963 0.0102*** (0.0035) 0.181 3372
gini market 0.0047** (0.0021) 0.181 2657 0.0051** (0.0022) 0.214 2211 0.0055*** (0.0020) 0.143 3037 0.0053** (0.0023) 0.210 1963 0.0049** (0.0021) 0.180 3372
top 1% income share 0.0137*** (0.0046) 0.184 2657 0.0151*** (0.0051) 0.218 2211 0.0074 (0.0055) 0.142 3037 0.0116** (0.0050) 0.210 1963 0.0135*** (0.0045) 0.183 3372
social protection expend, % GDP −0.0091* (0.0050) 0.159 2348 −0.0125** (0.0052) 0.201 1957 −0.0056 (0.0049) 0.134 2677 −0.0080 (0.0057) 0.185 1736 −0.0087* (0.0045) 0.163 2979
  1. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1. Standard errors are robust and clustered by country and cohort. Each row corresponds to a different regression and only reports the corresponding income inequality coefficient. Each regression includes the same covariates as in Table 5, and year dummies. In the first panel, inequality measures are lagged one year with respect to the ESS wave as in previous specifications. In the middle panel, inequality measures are lagged two years. In the bottom panel, the inequality measures are the averages of the one and two year lags.