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Table 8 Overview of tuition fees in Germany

From: Did tuition fees in Germany constrain students’ budgets? New evidence from a natural experiment

Federal state Level of fees (in EUR) Date of decision Introduced Abolished
Baden-Wuerttemberg 500 December 15, 2005 Summer term 2007 Summer term 2012
Bavaria Up to 500 May 18, 2006 Summer term 2007 Winter term 2013/2014
Hamburg 375 June 28, 2006 Summer term 2007 Winter term 2012/2013
Hessen 500 October 05, 2006 Winter term 2007/2008 Winter term 2008/2009
Lower Saxony 500 December 09, 2005 Winter term 2006/2007 Winter term 2014/2015
North Rhine-Westphalia Up to 500 March 16, 2006 Winter term 2006/2007 Winter term 2011/2012
Saarland 500 July 12, 2006 Winter term 2007/2008 Summer term 2010
  1. Note: In Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia, only first-year students had to pay tuition fees from the winter term 2006/2007, while older students had to pay from the summer term 2007. No tuition fees were charged in Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen (only once in the winter term 2006/2007 for students who did not have their main residence in Bremen and for students who had studied for longer than 15 semesters), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, and Thuringia. “Date of decision”: date on which the parliament of the federal state passed the law that says that tuition fees have to be charged; “Introduced”: first term in which students had to pay tuition fees; “Abolished”: first term in which students did not have to pay tuition fees anymore