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Table 3 Estimates of the effect of health status on various time-use categories using MTUS data, males

From: Health inequality and the uses of time for workers in Europe: policy implications

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
  Sleep Personal care Market work Non-market work Leisure
Males Sahs Good health Sahs Good health Sahs Good health Sahs Good health Sahs Good health
France (N = 3,922) −0.017a −0.029a −0.014b −0.036c 0.063a 0.128a −0.006 −0.011 −0.004 −0.008
  (0.005) (0.009) (0.007) (0.014) (0.021) (0.041) (0.014) (0.027) (0.013) (0.025)
Germany (N = 8,920) −0.012a −0.013c 0.004 −0.002 0.037a 0.046c −0.021c −0.043a −0.010 −0.002
  (0.003) (0.005) (0.005) (0.008) (0.014) (0.022) (0.010) (0.016) (0.008) (0.012)
Italy (N = 12,100) −0.006b −0.004 −0.003 0.002 0.021 0.035 −0.020b −0.024 0.009 −0.008
  (0.004) (0.005) (0.005) (0.007) (0.014) (0.021) (0.011) (0.017) (0.009) (0.013)
The Netherlands (N = 6,305) −0.016a −0.034a −0.025a −0.049a 0.114a 0.336a −0.071a −0.177a −0.028c −0.098b
  (0.004) (0.009) (0.007) (0.016) (0.018) (0.043) (0.014) (0.030) (0.011) (0.023)
Spain (N = 11,467) −0.013a −0.018a −0.001 −0.011 0.076a 0.142a −0.025a −0.038c −0.008 −0.022
  (0.003) (0.005) (0.004) (0.007) (0.012) (0.022) (0.009) (0.016) (0.008) (0.014)
UK (N = 5,329) −0.001 0.000 0.006 0.026b 0.061a 0.135a −0.018 −0.026 −0.038a −0.071a
  (0.004) (0.009) (0.006) (0.014) (0.018) (0.041) (0.013) (0.028) (0.011) (0.022)
  1. Notes: Robust standard errors in parenthesis. The sample is restricted to include part- and full-time male workers between the ages of 21 and 65 (inclusive) included in the Multinational Time Use Study (MTUS) from France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, and the UK. Regressions include age and its square, secondary and university education, the number of children under 18 in the household, household size, whether the youngest child is under 5, whether the youngest child is 5–12, whether the youngest child is 13–17, civil status (ref.: not in couple), day-of-week dummies (ref.: Saturday), and month dummies (ref.: December). Time-use activities are measured in hours per day; see Additional file 1: Table S2 for definitions of time-use categories
  2. aSignificant at the 99 % level
  3. bSignificant at the 90 % level
  4. cSignificant at the 95 % level