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Table 6 Regression results I. FD-dependent variable: variation in weeks of sick leave between 2011 and 2012

From: Absenteeism, childcare and the effectiveness of pension reforms

   Model 4    Model 5  
  Low income (b/se) Medium income (b/se) High income (b/se) Low income (b/se) Medium income (b/se) High income (b/se)
Tsick in 2011 −0.581** (0.277) 0.396 (0.494) 0.512 (0.582) −0.583** (0.277) 0.376 (0.491) 0.529 (0.594)
Tnot sick in 2011 −0.679*** (0.242) 0.175 (0.339) −0.020 (0.187) −0.684*** (0.241) 0.167 (0.337) 0.050 (0.184)
Treatedsick in 2011 0.540** (0.235) 0.188 (0.312) −0.040 (0.521) 0.539** (0.235) 0.190 (0.312) −0.013 (0.526)
Treatednot sick in 2011 0.016 (0.025) −0.040 (0.033) −0.007 (0.015) 0.016 (0.025) −0.040 (0.033) −0.007 (0.015)
Treated*grandmothersick in 2011 0.032 (0.287) 0.104 (0.303) 0.828 (0.550)    
Treated* grandmothernot sick in 2011 0.063** (0.028) 0.052 (0.032) 0.013 (0.016)    
Treated*grandmother       
 Sick in 2011, low-coverage region     −0.064 (0.343) 0.309 (0.463) 2.324** (1.025)
 Sick in 2011, medium-coverage region     −0.079 (0.567) −0.525** (0.244) 0.404 (0.682)
 Sick in 2011, high-coverage region     0.214 (0.477) 0.288 (0.401) 0.175 (0.677)
 Not sick in 2011, low-coverage region     0.090** (0.041) 0.027 (0.044) 0.025 (0.025)
 Not sick in 2011, medium-coverage region     0.036 (0.037) 0.033 (0.055) −0.013 (0.017)
 Not sick in 2011, high-coverage region     0.041 (0.044) 0.098* (0.057) 0.006 (0.016)
Adjusted R-square 0.515 0.315 0.240 0.515 0.316 0.246
N 8420 8419 8419 8420 8419 8419
Tests (P values)       
 Tsick in 2011 = Tnot sick in 2011 0.5105 0.5063 0.3262 0.5042 0.5272 0.3777
 Treatedsick in 2011 = Treatednot sick in 2011 0.0269 0.4679 0.9493 0.0271 0.4633 0.9907
 Treated i  + (Treated*grandmother i ) = 0       
   i = sick in 2011 0.0459 0.4413 0.1424    
   i = not sick in 2011 0.0127 0.7596 0.7479    
 In low-coverage regions       
   i = sick in 2011     0.1836 0.3415 0.0191
   i = not sick in 2011     0.0160 0.8046 0.5047
 In medium-coverage regions       
   i = sick in 2011     0.4146 0.3232 0.6225
   i = not sick in 2011     0.1753 0.9045 0.3176
 In high-coverage regions       
   i = sick in 2011     0.1069 0.2907 0.7865
   i = not sick in 2011     0.2194 0.3386 0.9539
  1. Note: Significance levels: *0.10, **0.05, and ***0.01. Robust errors clustered at level of groups with uniform age, sick leave in 2011, income, seniority level and region. All the regressions control for variations in seniority, in the interaction between seniority and age, in the number of weeks of notional contribution during the whole (observed) working life, in the age squared, in the logarithm of the gross weekly wage and in the regional unemployment rate