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Table 8 Regression results I. FD-dependent variable: variation in weeks of sick leave between 2011 and 2012

From: Absenteeism, childcare and the effectiveness of pension reforms

   Model 4    Model 5  
  Low income (b/se) Medium income (b/se) High income (b/se) Low income (b/se) Medium income (b/se) High income (b/se)
Tsick in 2011 −0.121 (0.289) 0.543 (0.408) 0.496 (0.441) −0.114 (0.284) 0.551 (0.405) 0.489 (0.478)
Tnot sick in 2011 −0.462* (0.237) 0.162 (0.313) −0.023 (0.172) −0.460* (0.236) 0.143 (0.310) 0.024 (0.171)
Delaysick in 2011 0.058 (0.049) 0.017 (0.064) −0.029 (0.084) 0.058 (0.049) 0.010 (0.064) −0.031 (0.087)
Delaynot sick in 2011 −0.003 (0.005) −0.006 (0.007) −0.004 (0.003) −0.003 (0.005) −0.007 (0.007) −0.004 (0.003)
Delay*grandmothersick in 2011 0.009 (0.067) 0.005 (0.074) 0.272* (0.143)    
Delay*grandmothernot sick in 2011 0.018** (0.008) 0.014 (0.009) 0.009 (0.005)    
Delay*grandmother       
sick in 2011, low-coverage region     0.037 (0.093) −0.007 (0.096) 0.514** (0.258)
sick in 2011, medium-coverage region     −0.027 (0.114) −0.171** (0.070) 0.268 (0.196)
sick in 2011, high-coverage region     0.001 (0.117) 0.073 (0.102) 0.048 (0.163)
not sick in 2011, low-coverage region     0.029** (0.011) 0.000 (0.010) 0.014 (0.009)
not sick in 2011, medium-coverage region     0.007 (0.011) 0.020 (0.019) −0.003 (0.005)
not sick in 2011, high-coverage region     0.011 (0.012) 0.029* (0.016) 0.005 (0.005)
Adjusted R-square 0.515 0.315 0.240 0.515 0.316 0.246
N 8420 8419 8419 8420 8419 8419
Tests (P values)       
 Tsick in 2011 = Tnot sick in 2011 0.0373 0.1648 0.1648 0.0308 0.1339 0.2495
 Treatedsick in 2011 = Treatednot sick in 2011 0.2161 0.7218 0.7218 0.2146 0.8000 0.7542
 Treated i  + (Treated*grandmother i ) = 0       
   i = sick in 2011 0.2923 0.7213 0.7913    
   i = not sick in 2011 0.0424 0.3622 0.3622    
 In low-coverage regions       
   i = sick in 2011     0.3418 0.9773 0.0694
   i = not sick in 2011     0.0230 0.4894 0.2782
 In medium-coverage regions       
   i = sick in 2011     0.7705 0.0554 0.2591
   i = not sick in 2011     0.7158 0.4829 0.2081
 In high-coverage regions       
   i = sick in 2011     0.5872 0.4250 0.8862
   i = not sick in 2011     0.5158 0.1429 0.8708
  1. Note: Significance levels: *0.10, **0.05, and ***0.01. Robust errors clustered at level of groups with uniform age, sick leave in 2011, income, seniority level and region. All the regressions control for variations in seniority, in the interaction between seniority and age, in the number of weeks of notional contribution during the whole (observed) working life, in the age squared, in the logarithm of the gross weekly wage and in the regional unemployment rate