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Table 3 Robustness checks of direct effect. SCPS (1996–2004)

From: The impact of family-friendly policies in Spain and their use throughout the business cycle

  (1) (2) (3)
Variables Part-time Part-time Part-time
Treated 0.0462*** 0.0519*** 0.0530***
  (0.00803) (0.00919) (0.00936)
After 0.000437 −0.00549 0.0734
  (0.0124) (0.0232) (0.0552)
Treated after 0.00510 0.0327** 0.0592***
  (0.0142) (0.0154) (0.0159)
Obs. P 0.1125911 0.1260045 0.1300417
Pred. P 0.0916341 0.1042417 0.1097903
R-square 0.0865 0.0863 0.0816
Observations 8784 8960 10,066
  1. Note: Additional controls include age, a dummy indicating whether the individual is the household head, sector, level of education, tenure, unemployment, partiality, temporary, and birth rate by region and year. Marginal effects are reported. Robust standard errors in parentheses. Columns: (1) Placebo: “after” period includes years 1996 and 1997; (2) treated group includes only mothers with children born before the passing of the law; (3) medium-term effect: “after” period includes years 2003 and 2004
  2. ***p < 0.01; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.1