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Table 4 Within- and between-group decomposition

From: Are changes in the dispersion of hours worked a cause of increased earnings inequality?

  Between Within
Year Country Y W H ρ Y W H ρ
1991 USA 15.20 9.28 1.61 4.30 84.80 55.66 23.97 5.17
  UK 34.69 15.16 8.34 11.19 65.31 36.22 28.69 0.40
  DE 25.25 13.44 3.58 8.23 74.75 54.55 28.33 −8.12
  FR 21.68 21.11 1.82 −1.25 78.32 60.64 27.37 −9.69
1995 USA 19.28 12.50 1.28 5.50 80.72 60.88 16.14 3.70
  UK 26.83 10.62 6.98 9.24 73.17 41.82 28.03 3.32
  DE 20.47 8.94 4.64 6.88 79.53 61.27 36.23 −17.97
  FR 23.18 20.07 2.10 1.01 76.82 55.83 27.95 −6.96
2000 USA 19.21 12.53 1.15 5.53 80.79 61.63 14.49 4.67
  UK 26.56 10.91 6.40 9.25 73.44 44.54 27.88 1.01
  DE 23.40 8.89 5.08 9.44 76.60 45.40 31.64 −0.44
  FR 20.73 15.09 2.03 3.61 79.27 55.60 28.18 −4.52
2007 USA 16.44 11.97 0.85 3.62 83.56 65.87 13.84 3.85
  UK 22.27 11.48 3.99 6.80 77.73 47.67 24.23 5.82
  DE 21.00 7.69 5.34 7.97 79.00 45.84 30.43 2.73
  FR 20.96 9.76 2.72 8.48 79.04 56.63 31.88 −9.48
2012 USA 17.68 12.95 0.72 4.01 82.32 61.11 14.34 6.88
  UK 23.26 11.04 4.51 7.71 76.74 48.30 24.93 3.51
  DE 20.29 8.57 3.97 7.75 79.71 44.82 29.75 5.14
  FR 24.91 11.93 2.48 10.50 75.09 50.63 27.83 −3.38
  1. Note: The within-between index decomposition for each component is reported as a percentage of inequality in earnings