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Table 4 Coefficient of variation of average numeracy scores, hourly wages, and years of schooling and their correlation coefficient, employed persons

From: Wage inequality, skill inequality, and employment: evidence and policy lessons from PIAAC

  Coefficient of variation Correlation coefficient
Country Scores Wages Schooling Scores–wages Scores–schooling Wages–schooling
Canada 0.19   0.21   0.42  
Denmark 0.17 0.38 0.20 0.31 0.39 0.46
Finland 0.16 0.38 0.22 0.31 0.43 0.46
France 0.21 0.43 0.29 0.33 0.60 0.37
Germany 0.18 0.52 0.18 0.33 0.46 0.51
Ireland 0.19 0.55 0.19 0.33 0.47 0.36
Italy 0.20 0.53 0.33 0.23 0.41 0.34
Japan 0.15 0.69 0.18 0.26 0.46 0.29
Austria 0.17 0.58 0.22 0.27 0.43 0.38
Netherlands 0.16 0.46 0.19 0.27 0.40 0.45
Belgium 0.17 0.37 0.20 0.32 0.49 0.39
Norway 0.18 0.37 0.17 0.31 0.37 0.42
Spain 0.18 0.53 0.28 0.34 0.51 0.46
Sweden 0.17   0.21   0.39  
UK 0.19 0.61 0.17 0.36 0.36 0.36
USA 0.23 0.67 0.23 0.37 0.55 0.47
  1. Source: calculations based on PIAAC