Skip to main content

Table 5 Distribution of individual average numeracy test scores and wages, by country

From: Wage inequality, skill inequality, and employment: evidence and policy lessons from PIAAC

Decile ratios Literacy scores Hourly earnings
Country D9/D1 D9/D5 D5/D1 D9/D1 D9/D5 D5/D1 D8/D5
Canada 1.71 1.23 1.39     
Denmark 1.59 1.20 1.32 2.65 1.56 1.70 1.30
Finland 1.59 1.21 1.31 2.65 1.75 1.51 1.44
France 1.79 1.24 1.44 2.52 1.77 1.43 1.43
Germany 1.66 1.21 1.37 4.16 1.91 2.18 1.52
Ireland 1.68 1.23 1.37 3.65 2.11 1.73 1.65
Italy 1.69 1.24 1.36 3.20 1.88 1.70 1.47
Japan 1.48 1.17 1.26 4.01 2.34 1.71 1.74
Austria 1.57 1.20 1.31 3.05 1.81 1.69 1.43
Netherlands 1.58 1.19 1.33 3.29 1.79 1.84 1.47
Belgium 1.60 1.20 1.33 2.58 1.67 1.54 1.38
Norway 1.63 1.20 1.35 2.47 1.60 1.54 1.30
Spain 1.73 1.23 1.41 3.56 2.08 1.71 1.61
Sweden 1.63 1.21 1.35     
UK 1.72 1.24 1.38 3.47 2.08 1.67 1.59
USA 1.81 1.26 1.44 4.5 2.2 2.00 1.78
  1. Source: calculations based on PIAAC