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Table 3 Log-log model estimated by pooled OLS with clustered standard errors

From: Minimum income schemes in Europe: is there a trade-off with activation policies?

  (1) (2) (3) (4)
MIPGDP MIPGDP MIPGDP MIPGDP
ALMP (% of GDP) 0.294 *** 0.262 *** 0.239 *** 0.189 ***
(0.0548) (0.0436) (0.0393) (0.0405)
Trade union density   0.237** 0.216* 0.223**
  (0.0786) (0.0843) (0.0839)
Total employment    −0.402 −0.392
   (0.217) (0.202)
Unemployment (% of LF)     0.0671
    (0.0565)
Obs. 445 440 318 318
  1. Clustered standard errors in parentheses, * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001